consists of a pair of small, hemispherical drums. When used for religious
purposes they were known as ‘kudüm,’ and as ‘nakkare’ when used in a secular
context or in mehter music. It was one of the four main instruments used in
dervish mystical music (the others being the ney, rebap and halile) before its
enrichment with instruments such as the tambur, kemençe and kanun. The drums are
some 28-30 cm. in diameter, made of beaten copper, and resemble two bowls, one
larger than the other. Some 16 cm. high, these grow narrow towards the bottom.
Skin 2 mm. thick is stretched over the mouth of the larger, and 1 mm thick over
the smaller. The high-pitched drum (tek) is placed on the left, the other (düm)
on the right. The tek, with its thinner skin, is slightly smaller than the düm.
The drums are placed on two leather links filled with cotton to prevent them
slipping and moving about, and are played with two wooden sticks known as
‘zahme.’ The metal body of the kudüm is generally covered with leather to
prevent it giving off a tinny sound.